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What Is PH & Why It Needs To Be Balanced

If you're a new pool owner, you've likely heard the term "pH" being thrown around quite a bit. But what exactly does pH mean in the context of pool maintenance, and why is it so important to keep it balanced?

In simple terms, pH is a measure of the acidity or alkalinity of your pool water. The pH scale ranges from 0 to 14, with a pH of 7 being considered neutral. A pH below 7 is considered acidic, while a pH above 7 is considered alkaline.


Maintaining the right pH level is crucial for several reasons. First and foremost, it affects the effectiveness of your pool's chlorine or other sanitizing agents. If the pH is too low, the chlorine will be too active and will quickly dissipate, leaving your pool vulnerable to bacteria and algae growth. Conversely, if the pH is too high, the chlorine will be less effective and may leave behind irritating residue.


In addition to affecting the effectiveness of sanitizers, pH levels can also impact the comfort of swimmers. Water that is too acidic or too alkaline can cause skin irritation, eye irritation, and other discomforts.


So, what's the ideal pH level for a pool? Most experts recommend a pH range of 7.4 to 7.6, which is slightly on the alkaline side of neutral. However, it's important to note that factors such as temperature, rainfall, and swimmer load can all affect pH levels, so it's important to test your pool's pH regularly and make adjustments as needed.

To maintain the right pH level in your pool, you'll need to use a pH testing kit or strips to monitor the water regularly. If the pH is too low, you can add a pH increaser (such as sodium carbonate or baking soda). If the pH is too high, you'll need to add a pH decreaser (such as muriatic acid or sodium bisulfate).


In conclusion, pH is a crucial factor in maintaining a safe and comfortable swimming environment. By keeping a close eye on your pool's pH levels and making adjustments as needed, you can help ensure that your pool is a safe and enjoyable place for you and your family to swim.





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